Silencing of a specific mRNA using double stranded RNA oligonucleotides represents one of the newest technologies for suppressing a specific gene product. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) are 21 nucleotides long, double stranded RNA fragments that are identical in sequence to the target mRNA. We designed 3 such siRNA against the Her2/neu (HER2) gene. The HER2 gene is known to play an important role in the oncogenesis of several types of cancers, such as breast, ovarian, colon and gastric cancers. Introduction of the siRNA into HER2 positive tumor lines in vitro greatly reduced the cell surface expression of the HER2 protein. Concurrently, a range of effects on cell physiology, such as growth inhibition or apoptosis, was observed. The expression of HLA class I was observed to be upregulated when HER2 was silenced with siRNA. Treatment of SKBr3 and MCF7/HER2 tumor cell lines with the HER2 siRNA resulted in growth arrest of cells in the late G(1)/S-phase. Our results suggest that siRNA may be an effective method of abrogating the effect of HER2 in tumorigenesis.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.