Generation and phenotypic analysis of sigma receptor type I (sigma 1) knockout mice

Eur J Neurosci. 2003 Oct;18(8):2188-96. doi: 10.1046/j.1460-9568.2003.02950.x.

Abstract

Sigma (sigma) sites are a type of nonopiate receptor whose role has been associated with several behaviours, including anxiety, depression, analgesia, learning processes and psychosis. Although there are several known sigma receptor types, only the type I receptor (sigma 1) has been cloned. To uncover the in vivo relevance of sigma-receptors, we have generated knockout mice for sigma 1. Despite the broad expression pattern found for the sigma 1-gene, homozygous mutant mice are viable, fertile and do not display any overt phenotype, compared with their wild-type litter-mates, in mixed genetic backgrounds. However, a significant decrease in the hypermotility response has been measured in knockout mice upon challenge with (+)SKF-10 047, in agreement with the involvement of sigma 1-receptors in the induction of psychostimulant actions. The activity of sigma 2-receptors seems to be unaffected in sigma 1-mutant mice. These knockout mice could contribute to better understand the in vivo role of sigma-receptors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacology
  • Antipsychotic Agents / pharmacology
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Blotting, Northern / methods
  • Blotting, Southern / methods
  • Blotting, Western / methods
  • Body Weight
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Embryo, Mammalian / cytology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism
  • Endorphins / pharmacology
  • Heterozygote
  • Hyperkinesis / chemically induced
  • Hyperkinesis / metabolism
  • In Situ Hybridization / methods
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout*
  • Narcotic Antagonists / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / metabolism
  • Pentazocine / metabolism
  • Peptide Fragments / pharmacology
  • Phenazocine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Phenazocine / pharmacology
  • Phenotype*
  • Radioligand Assay / methods
  • Receptors, sigma / genetics*
  • Receptors, sigma / metabolism
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Endorphins
  • Narcotic Antagonists
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Receptors, sigma
  • sigma-1 receptor
  • gamma-endorphin, des-Tyr(1)-
  • SK&F 10047
  • Phenazocine
  • Pentazocine