Effects of neuromedin U on the pulsatile LH secretion in ovariectomized rats in association with feeding conditions

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Nov 21;311(3):721-7. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.10.052.


We examined the effects of intracerebroventricular injection of neuromedin U (NMU), at a dose that is reported to induce satiety in rats, on the pulsatile luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in adult ovariectomized (OVX) rats under a normal feeding or a 48-h fasted condition. In OVX rats under the normal feeding condition, injection of NMU (1 nmol/3 microl) significantly decreased the mean LH concentration without affecting the frequency or amplitude of LH pulses, but under the 48-h fasted condition, it significantly decreased the mean LH concentration and the frequency of LH pulses without affecting the amplitude. The interpulse interval was significantly lengthened by NMU injection under the normal and the 48-h fasted condition, but the effect under the 48-h fasted condition was greater than under the normal feeding condition. We also confirmed that the 48-h fasted condition per se did not affect the pulsatile LH secretion in OVX rats. We suggest that NMU and fasting synergistically inhibit the pulsatile LH secretion, even though NMU has been said to act as a satiety factor.

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Food Deprivation
  • Luteinizing Hormone / metabolism
  • Neuropeptides / pharmacology*
  • Ovary / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Time Factors


  • Neuropeptides
  • neuromedin U
  • Luteinizing Hormone