Active surveillance for respiratory virus infections in adults who have undergone bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Bone Marrow Transplant. 2003 Dec;32(11):1085-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.bmt.1704257.


Community-acquired respiratory virus (RV) infections are an important cause of disease in immunocompromised adults with cancer. To investigate the viral etiology, incidence, clinical presentation, and outcome of RV infections in an outpatient cohort of adult bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant (SCT) recipients, we monitored 62 outpatient volunteers from January 1 to April 30, 2001. A nasopharyngeal aspirate was collected from subjects when they reported new respiratory symptoms and tested for RV (influenza A, influenza B, human parainfluenza 1-3, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus) by culture and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay. Of 62 subjects enrolled, 27% had received allogeneic SCT and 45% were within 1 year of their transplant. In all, 35 participants (56%) reported 37 episodes of respiratory symptoms. Of the 37 specimens tested, five (14%) were positive for RV by culture and 20 (54%) were positive by RT-PCR. Only six patients with RV infections developed lower respiratory tract illnesses; these patients had received either autologous or allogeneic transplants and developed illnesses between 41 and 2666 days post transplant. Although RV infections were common in SCT outpatients during the RV season, most participants had upper respiratory tract infections, which resolved without the need for hospitalization.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / isolation & purification
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ambulatory Care
  • Bone Marrow Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Community-Acquired Infections / diagnosis
  • Community-Acquired Infections / etiology
  • Community-Acquired Infections / virology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Influenza A virus / isolation & purification
  • Influenza B virus / isolation & purification
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • Opportunistic Infections / virology*
  • Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects*
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses / isolation & purification
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / diagnosis*
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / etiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / virology
  • Respirovirus / isolation & purification
  • Virus Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Virus Diseases / etiology
  • Virus Diseases / virology