Outcome of urgent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction: comparison of single-vessel versus multivessel coronary artery disease

Am Heart J. 1992 Dec;124(6):1427-33. doi: 10.1016/0002-8703(92)90053-x.


Despite recent clinical trials of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in acute myocardial infarction, specific groups of patients that may benefit from adjunctive or alternative therapy have yet to be adequately characterized. The in-hospital outcome of 151 consecutive patients treated for acute myocardial infarction with urgent PTCA of the infarct-related artery was studied to identify a subgroup of patients at high risk. Patients were divided into two groups based on the angiographic presence of either single-vessel (n = 86) or multivessel (n = 65) coronary artery disease. Despite PTCA of only the infarct-related artery and similar baseline clinical characteristics such as age, peak serum creatine kinase concentration, left ventricular ejection fraction, and time from the onset of chest pain to arrival at the hospital, the group with multivessel disease had a lower rate of successful angioplasty (75% vs 92%, p < 0.005), with higher incidences of persistent total occlusion of the infarct-related artery (14% vs 3%, p < 0.02) and procedural complications during PTCA (28% vs 13%, p < or = 0.02), and were more likely to have multiple complications (12% vs 1%, p < 0.004). In addition, the group with multivessel disease had a higher rate of urgent (< or = 24 hours) coronary artery bypass graft surgery (13% vs 2%, p < 0.05) and a trend toward a higher in-hospital mortality rate (6% vs 1%, p < or = 0.17). By stepwise logistic regression, only the presence of single-vessel versus multivessel disease was predictive of PTCA success (p < 0.005).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary* / adverse effects
  • Coronary Disease / pathology*
  • Coronary Vessels / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / pathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome