Lung adenocarcinoma associated with atypical adenomatous hyperplasia. A clinicopathological study with special reference to smoking and cancer multiplicity

Pathol Int. 2003 Dec;53(12):823-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1827.2003.01570.x.


Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) of the lung has been proposed as a possible precursor lesion of adenocarcinoma of the lung. In the present study, we sought to clarify the clinicopathological characteristics of lung adenocarcinoma cases associated with AAH, with special reference to tobacco smoking and the presence of multiple primary carcinomas of pulmonary and extrapulmonary organs. We examined 123 surgically resected lung adenocarcinomas and conducted histopathological diagnoses for AAH and multiple primary pulmonary carcinomas. Clinicopathological characteristics such as age, sex, smoking index, survival, and the presence of extrapulmonary primary carcinomas were obtained from clinical records, and the associations among these factors were examined statistically. Sixteen lung adenocarcinoma patients had accompanying AAH (the AAH group) and 107 cases did not (the NAAH group). The incidence of primary carcinomas in extrapulmonary organs was higher in the AAH group (37.5%; 6/16) than in the NAAH group (12.5%; 13/107) (P = 0.01). Multiple primary lung cancers tended to be more frequent in the AAH group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.07). Although there was no difference in tobacco smoking between the two groups, all eight cases with multiple primary lung carcinomas were smokers. Furthermore, multiple primary lung carcinomas were found more frequently in smokers of the AAH group (37.5%; 3/8) than in the smokers of the NAAH group (7.2%; 5/69) (P = 0.04). The results suggested that constitutional or genetic factors might predispose patients to the development of AAH together with extrapulmonary primary carcinomas, and that smoking might contribute to the development of multiple primary lung adenocarcinomas, especially in patients with pre-existing AAH.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / etiology
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery
  • Adenomatosis, Pulmonary / etiology
  • Adenomatosis, Pulmonary / pathology*
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / etiology
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology*
  • Precancerous Conditions / etiology
  • Precancerous Conditions / pathology*
  • Smoking / adverse effects*