Eating behavior in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis patients

Am J Kidney Dis. 1992 Dec;20(6):592-7. doi: 10.1016/s0272-6386(12)70225-1.


Three groups consisting of 12 subjects each (continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis [CAPD] patients, hemodialysis patients, and healthy controls) matched for age, sex, and body weight were invited to a test meal for the study of hunger, fullness, and food preferences. They were served an excess portion of hash served on a plate placed on a hidden scale ("VIKTOR"), which was connected to a computer registering the eating process on-line. The patients filled in visual analogue scales (VAS) concerning appetite and food preferences before and after the test meal. Mean total intake of food (+/- SD) was significantly higher for healthy controls (357 +/- 175 g) compared with hemodialysis patients (295 +/- 105 g), which in turn was higher than in CAPD patients (206 +/- 70 g). Eating velocity was lower in both dialysis groups compared with controls. CAPD patients experienced less hunger and desire to eat compared with hemodialysis patients and controls. The reason for the low eating drive in CAPD patients despite their great need for protein and calories is unknown, but might be explained by gastric retention, insufficient dialysis, metabolic effects of the high sugar load from the dialysate, or combinations of these factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Appetite
  • Dialysis Solutions / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Eating*
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Food
  • Food Preferences
  • Glomerulonephritis / therapy
  • Humans
  • Hunger
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Nephrosclerosis / therapy
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*
  • Renal Dialysis*
  • Time Factors


  • Dialysis Solutions
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Proteins