Early community outreach intervention in children with acquired brain injury

Int J Rehabil Res. 2003 Dec;26(4):257-64. doi: 10.1097/00004356-200312000-00002.


Ten patients with acquired brain injury were recruited over an 18 month period in the south-western health care region of Sweden in order to evaluate the costs and effectiveness of a multidisciplinary community outreach intervention programme. An experienced multidisciplinary project team was involved and patients underwent detailed functional, cognitive and motor assessments following initial contact within two weeks of injury, within six weeks of injury and at a 12-month follow-up. An individualized counselling programme was also offered. Of an expected recruitment number of 50 patients (based on epidemiological and population based figures) 10 children were reached, evaluated and followed; eight patients with traumatic brain injury (five severe, two moderate and one mild), and two patients with non-traumatic brain injury (both severe). At follow-up there was a significant improvement in motor function. No significant changes were seen in other areas of functional assessment or on neuropsychological measures although there were mild improvements in communication and behaviour functions. The financial costs per patient in the programme were deemed relatively modest compared with cost estimates of shorter-term in-patient rehabilitation. Time intensive interventions included supporting caregivers and school staff and the direct and indirect patient interventions were shown to enhance support and promote active involvement of local services.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Ataxia / etiology
  • Ataxia / rehabilitation
  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Brain Injuries / physiopathology
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Child
  • Community Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology
  • Deglutition Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Learning Disabilities / etiology
  • Learning Disabilities / rehabilitation
  • Memory Disorders / etiology
  • Memory Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Motor Skills Disorders / etiology
  • Motor Skills Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Olfaction Disorders / etiology
  • Olfaction Disorders / rehabilitation
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care*
  • Patient Care Team
  • Program Evaluation
  • Sweden
  • Visual Fields / physiology