Protein databases constructed using high-resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) were used to explore the proteome expressed in various rice tissues. Proteins from leaf sheath, root, and cultured suspension cells were systematically analyzed using 2D-PAGE, mass spectrometry and Edman sequencing, followed by database searching. In all, 79 of the 431 spots detected by 2D-PAGE in the leaf sheath, 73 of the 508 spots in the root and 140 of the 962 spots in the cultured suspension cells could be identified. Protein lists were constructed for each tissue and used to investigate the effects of gibberellin (GA) treatment. In the leaf sheath, root and cultured suspension cells, 8, 21, and 14 of the identified proteins, respectively, were regulated by GA. These proteins included polypeptides involved in general metabolism, energy production, transcriptional regulation and signal transduction in the leaf sheath; in metabolism and defense in the root; and in metabolism, energy production, cell growth, defense and signal transduction in the cultured suspension cells. These results indicate that the proteome databases assembled in these studies will be useful for the rapid assessment of changes in protein content in specific tissues, and that proteins regulated by GA may play a significant role in tissue growth.