Creatine monohydrate supplementation on body weight and percent body fat

J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Nov;17(4):817-21. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0817:cmsobw>;2.


Seventeen active males (age 22.9 +/- 4.9 year) participated in a study to examine the effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation on total body weight (TBW), percent body fat, body water content, and caloric intake. The TBW was measured in kilograms, percent body fat by hydrostatic weighing, body water content via bioelectrical impedance, and caloric intake by daily food log. Subjects were paired and assigned to a creatine or placebo group with a double-blind research design. Supplementation was given for 4 weeks (30 g a day for the initial 2 weeks and 15 g a day for the final 2 weeks). Subjects reported 2 days a week for supervised strength training of the lower extremity. Significant increases before and after the study were found in TBW (90.42 +/- 14.74 to 92.12 +/- 15.19 kg) and body water content (53.77 +/- 1.75 to 57.15 +/- 2.01 L) for the creatine group (p = 0.05). No significant changes were found in percent body fat or daily caloric intake in the creatine group. No significant changes were noted for the placebo group. These findings support previous research that creatine supplementation increases TBW. Mean percent body fat and caloric intake was not affected by creatine supplementation. Therefore weight gain in lieu of creatine supplementation may in part be due to water retention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / drug effects
  • Adult
  • Body Composition / drug effects*
  • Body Water / drug effects
  • Body Weight / drug effects*
  • Creatine / pharmacology*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Electric Impedance
  • Energy Intake / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Matched-Pair Analysis


  • Creatine