Improving Older Driver Knowledge and Self-Awareness Through Self-Assessment: The Driving Decisions Workbook

J Safety Res. 2003;34(4):371-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.09.006.

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to assess whether the Driving Decisions Workbook, a self-assessment instrument for older drivers, increased self-awareness and general knowledge. This study also assessed perceptions regarding its usefulness, particularly as a tool for facilitating discussions within families of older drivers. A secondary purpose of the study was to determine if problems identified by drivers in the workbook related to problems they had with actual driving.

Design and methods: The Driving Decisions Workbook was administered along with a questionnaire and a road test. A convenience sample of 99 licensed drivers aged 65 and above was used.

Results: After completing the workbook, about three fourths of the participants reported being more aware of changes that could affect driving. Fourteen percent reported that they had discovered a change in themselves of which they had not been previously aware. All respondents found the workbook to be at least a little useful and thought the workbook could help facilitate family discussions. Workbook responses were positively correlated with overall road test scores. Significant correlations were also noted between the road test and a majority of workbook subsection responses.

Implications: This study indicates that the workbook may be a useful first-tier assessment instrument and educational tool for the older driver. It may encourage an older driver to drive more safely and/or to seek clinical assessment, and help in facilitating discussions about driving within their families.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control
  • Aged / psychology
  • Aged, 80 and over / psychology
  • Automobile Driving / psychology*
  • Awareness*
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Knowledge*
  • Male
  • Michigan
  • Self-Assessment*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires