More about the Viking hypothesis of origin of the delta32 mutation in the CCR5 gene conferring resistance to HIV-1 infection

Infect Genet Evol. 2003 Nov;3(4):293-5. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2003.07.001.


The chemokine receptor CCR5 constitutes the major coreceptor for the HIV-1, because a mutant allele of the CCR5 gene named delta32 was shown to provide to homozygotes a strong resistance against infection. In the present study the frequency of the delta32 allele was collected in 36 European populations and in Cyprus, and the highest allele frequencies were found in Nordic countries. We constructed an allele map of delta32 frequencies in Europe; the map is in accordance to the Vikings hypothesis of the origin of the mutation and his dissemination during the eighth to the tenth centuries.

MeSH terms

  • Cyprus
  • Europe
  • Finland
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genetics, Population
  • HIV Infections / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Iceland
  • Mutation*
  • Receptors, CCR5 / genetics*


  • Receptors, CCR5