Phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies of ruprintrivir nasal spray 2-percent suspension for prevention and treatment of experimentally induced rhinovirus colds in healthy volunteers

Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Dec;47(12):3907-16. doi: 10.1128/AAC.47.12.3907-3916.2003.


Human rhinovirus (HRV) infections are usually self-limited but may be associated with serious consequences, particularly in those with asthma and chronic respiratory disease. Effective antiviral agents are needed for preventing and treating HRV illnesses. Ruprintrivir (Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, Calif.) selectively inhibits HRV 3C protease and shows potent, broad-spectrum anti-HRV activity in vitro. We conducted three double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials in 202 healthy volunteers to assess the activity of ruprintrivir in experimental HRV infection. Subjects were randomized to receive intranasal ruprintrivir (8 mg) or placebo sprays as prophylaxis (two or five times daily [2x/day or 5x/day] for 5 days) starting 6 h before infection or as treatment (5x/day for 4 days) starting 24 h after infection. Ruprintrivir prophylaxis reduced the proportion of subjects with positive viral cultures (for 5x/day dosing groups, 44% for ruprintrivir treatment group versus 70% for placebo treatment group [P=0.03]; for 2x/day dosing groups, 60% for ruprintrivir group versus 92% for placebo group [P=0.004]) and viral titers but did not decrease the frequency of colds. Ruprintrivir treatment reduced the mean total daily symptom score (2.2 for ruprintrivir treatment group and 3.3 for the placebo treatment group [P=0.014]) by 33%. Secondary endpoints, including viral titers, individual symptom scores, and nasal discharge weights, were also reduced by ruprintrivir treatment. Overall, ruprintrivir was well tolerated; blood-tinged mucus and nasal passage irritation were the most common adverse effects reported. Pharmacokinetic analysis of plasma and nasal ruprintrivir concentrations revealed intranasal drug residence with minimal systemic absorption. Results from these studies in experimental rhinoviral infection support continued investigation of intranasal ruprintrivir in the setting of natural HRV infection.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antiviral Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biological Availability
  • Common Cold / complications
  • Common Cold / drug therapy*
  • Common Cold / prevention & control*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Endpoint Determination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isoxazoles
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mucus / virology
  • Oxazoles / administration & dosage
  • Oxazoles / pharmacokinetics
  • Oxazoles / therapeutic use*
  • Phenylalanine / analogs & derivatives
  • Pyrrolidines / administration & dosage
  • Pyrrolidines / pharmacokinetics
  • Pyrrolidines / therapeutic use*
  • Pyrrolidinones
  • Rhinovirus* / chemistry
  • Suspensions
  • Valine / analogs & derivatives


  • Antiviral Agents
  • Isoxazoles
  • Oxazoles
  • Pyrrolidines
  • Pyrrolidinones
  • Suspensions
  • Phenylalanine
  • Valine
  • rupintrivir