Induced oscillations in the alpha band: functional meaning

Epilepsia. 2003;44 Suppl 12:2-8. doi: 10.1111/j.0013-9580.2003.12001.x.


The phenomena of event-related desynchronization (ERD) and synchronization (ERS) reflect the dynamics of neural networks and can be observed on different scalp locations at the same moment of time. Whereas on one cortical area a focal 10-Hz ERD can be found, other areas can display a 10-Hz ERS. This phenomenon is called focal ERD/surround ERS and is interpreted as a correlate of an activated cortical area (ERD) and simultaneously deactivated or inhibited other areas. The induced oscillations (ERS) are dominant in the 10- to 13-Hz band and very likely mediated by thalamic gating.

MeSH terms

  • Alpha Rhythm
  • Brain / anatomy & histology
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Cortical Synchronization / methods*
  • Electroencephalography
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology*
  • Foot / physiology
  • Hand / physiology
  • Humans
  • Movement / physiology
  • Nerve Net / physiology*
  • Thalamic Nuclei / physiology
  • Thalamus / physiology