Negative regulation of mitosis by two functionally overlapping PTPases in fission yeast

EMBO J. 1992 Dec;11(13):4943-52.

Abstract

We have identified a third protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) gene in fission yeast, pyp2, encoding an 85 kDa protein. Disruption of pyp2 has no impact on cell viability, but pyp2 is essential in strains lacking the 60 kDa pyp1 PTPase. The two pyp PTPases are approximately 42% identical in their C-terminal catalytic domains and share weak homology in their N-terminal regions. Both genes play a role in inhibiting the onset of mitosis. Disruption of either gene rescues the G2 arrest caused by mutation of the cdc25 mitotic inducer, though the effect of pyp1-disruption is more pronounced. Disruption of pyp1 advances mitosis, suppresses overexpression of the tyrosine kinase encoded by the wee1 mitotic inhibitor, and causes lethal mitotic catastrophe in cdc25 overproducer cells. Cells bearing inactive wee1 are unresponsive to disruption of pyp1. Overexpression of pyp1 or pyp2 delays the onset of mitosis by a wee1-dependent mechanism. These data reveal an unexpected second role for protein tyrosine phosphorylation in the mitotic control that acts by promoting the inhibitory wee1 pathway.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Escherichia coli
  • G2 Phase
  • Mitosis*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phosphorylation
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces / cytology
  • Schizosaccharomyces / enzymology*
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

Substances

  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA, Fungal
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
  • pyp1 protein, S pombe
  • pyp2 protein, S pombe

Associated data

  • GENBANK/D13198
  • GENBANK/D13199
  • GENBANK/D13200
  • GENBANK/D13201
  • GENBANK/D13202
  • GENBANK/D13203
  • GENBANK/M94783
  • GENBANK/M94784
  • GENBANK/M94785
  • GENBANK/S51320