Effects of atorvastatin and pravastatin on glucose tolerance in mildly induced diabetic rats by streptozotocin at 24 mg/kg, i.v. were studied. Non-diabetic and diabetic rats were given orally 0.5% carboxymethylcellulose (control), 8 mg/kg atorvastatin or 8 mg/kg pravastatin once a day for 6 weeks. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was carried out 1, 2, 3, and 6 weeks after the administration. The blood glucose and plasma insulin levels measured before OGTT in the diabetic rats were not different from those in the non-diabetic rats. However, the hyperglycemic response to OGTT in the diabetic rats significantly exceeded that in the non-diabetic rats. The plasma insulin increased by OGTT in the diabetic rats appeared to be lower than that in the non-diabetic rats. Statin treatments for 1 week did not modify the OGTT-induced hyperglycemia appreciably, although there were some significant differences. More than 2 weeks after administration, the blood glucose levels at several time points after a glucose intake in the atorvastatin-treated diabetic rats were significantly higher than the respective levels in the control diabetic rats. Neither atorvastatin nor pravastatin modified the OGTT-induced insulin secretion. Statins, especially atorvastatin, may influence the glucose tolerance in mildly induced diabetic rats without alterations of insulin secretion.