Fanconi anaemia syndrome and apoptosis: state of the art

Apoptosis. 1998 Sep;3(4):229-36. doi: 10.1023/a:1009644722210.


Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare recessive, human genetic syndrome characterized by progressive bone marrow failure, developmental abnormalities, predisposition to malignancy, chromosomal instability and DNA damage hypersensitivity. Two (FAA and FAC) of the five genes involved were cloned but their functions remain unknown. At present, the involvement of FA proteins in DNA repair, redox status of the cell and apoptosis are areas of intensive investigation. The aim of this review is to synthesize current results and ideas concerning the involvement of apoptosis in the FA phenotype and conversely, the role of FA proteins in the control of apoptosis.