Nine patients with neurological manifestations of sarcoidosis were explored by MRI and, in some cases, CT. The MRI examinations were performed in T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo sequences in all patients, with gadolinium injection in seven. Several non-specific lesions were demonstrated, the most frequent of them showing on T2-weighted sequences as high-intensity signals in the periventricular white matter and the semi-oval centres. Other abnormalities, such as infiltrations of the hypothalamo-pituitary region, granulomatous masses within the brain tissue and meningeal infiltrations, were observed. These findings were in agreement with those found in the literature. Gadolinium injection seems to be important in this pathology, as it demonstrates lesions that are not visible on conventional T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo sequences.