Microsatellites or simple sequence repeats are highly variable DNA sequences that can be used as informative markers for the genetic analysis of plants and animals. For the development of microsatellite markers in Capsicum, microsatellites were isolated from two small-insert genomic libraries and the GenBank database. Using five types of oligonucleotides, (AT)(15), (GA)(15), (GT)(15), (ATT)(10) and (TTG)(10), as probes, positive clones were isolated from the genomic libraries, and sequenced. Out of 130 positive clones, 77 clones showed microsatellite motifs, out of which 40 reliable microsatellite markers were developed. (GA)(n) and (GT)(n) sequences were found to occur most frequently in the pepper genome, followed by (TTG)(n) and (AT)(n). Additional 36 microsatellite primers were also developed from GenBank and other published data. To measure the information content of these markers, the polymorphism information contents (PICs) were calculated. Capsicum microsatellite markers from the genomic libraries have shown a high level of PIC value, 0.76, twice the value for markers from GenBank data. Forty six microsatellite loci were placed on the SNU-RFLP linkage map, which had been derived from the interspecific cross between Capsicum annuum "TF68" and Capsicum chinense "Habanero". The current "SNU2" pepper map with 333 markers in 15 linkage groups contains 46 SSR and 287 RFLP markers covering 1,761.5 cM with an average distance of 5.3 cM between markers.