A prospective, randomized multicenter trial comparing DoubleLayer and polyethylene stents for malignant distal common bile duct strictures

Endoscopy. 2003 Dec;35(12):992-7. doi: 10.1055/s-2003-44601.


Background and study aims: Endoscopic biliary stenting is an established treatment for malignant obstructive jaundice. Stent clogging continues to be a major problem with plastic stents. The aim of this study was to carry out a prospective comparison of two stents with different materials and shapes: the Olympus DoubleLayer stent (DLS; perfluoro alkoxy, without sideholes) and the standard polyethylene (PE) stent (with sideholes).

Patients and methods: A total of 120 patients (70 women; mean age 71, range 36 - 91) with jaundice due to malignant strictures of the middle to distal third of the common bile duct were randomly assigned to receive either DLS (n = 60) or PE (n = 60) biliary stents. Patients with cholangitis, hemobilia, previous biliary drainage, hilar stricture, or ampullary cancer were excluded.

Results: In all, 28 DLS patients (47 %) and 17 PE stent patients (29 %) died without clinical evidence of stent occlusion after a mean of 114 and 105 days, respectively ( P < 0.05). Twenty-six DLS patients (43 %) and 38 PE stent patients (63 %) had symptoms of stent clogging after a mean of 144 and 99 days, respectively ( P < 0.05). Stent dysfunction (stent orifice impacted on the bile duct or duodenal wall, stent migration) was recorded in six DLS patients (10 %) and five PE patients (8 %) (n. s.). Kaplan-Meier analysis of DLS and PE stent clogging-free survival showed a significantly longer patency period with the DLS stents (P = 0.0005).

Conclusions: These results show that DoubleLayer stents have a longer patency period than PE stents. Patients who received PE stents had a higher risk of stent occlusion (relative risk 3.05; 95 % CI, 1.57 - 5.89) before death than DLS patients.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biliary Tract Neoplasms / complications
  • Common Bile Duct / pathology*
  • Constriction, Pathologic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jaundice, Obstructive / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms / complications
  • Polyethylene
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Stents*


  • Polyethylene