Cognitive-behavioral intervention for juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome

J Rheumatol. 1992 Oct;19(10):1617-9.


Seven girls between 8.6 and 17.7 years of age were treated for symptoms of juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome (JPFS) using cognitive-behavioral techniques (progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery) aimed at reducing pain and facilitating sleep, as well as strategies aimed at increasing mastery over the pain and improving mood. Patients satisfying diagnostic criteria for JPFS based on the presence of chronic diffuse musculoskeletal pain lasting at least 3 months (mean = 9.4, SD = 8.28) and a minimum of 5 characteristic soft tissue trigger and/or tender points with absence of synovitis, were referred for intervention. Results indicated that in the majority of patients, such techniques were effective in reducing pain and facilitating improved functioning.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Affect / physiology
  • Anxiety / physiopathology
  • Behavior / physiology*
  • Child
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Depression / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / physiopathology
  • Fibromyalgia / psychology
  • Fibromyalgia / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Pain / physiopathology
  • Sleep / physiology
  • Syndrome