Adhesion of Staphylococcus to orthopaedic metals, an in vivo study

J Orthop Res. 2004 Jan;22(1):39-43. doi: 10.1016/S0736-0266(03)00152-9.


This study describes a new model of biofilm study in rabbits. The primary focus of this study was to assess biofilm adhesion to orthopaedic metals in their first 48 h in a femoral intramedullary implantation model. Two previous inoculation methods i.e. that of pre- and direct inoculation were studied with two bacterial isolates namely Staphylococcus aureus and epidermidis, on titanium and stainless steel metallic implants. A method of sonication and log dilution/plating was used to assess biofilm bacteria adhering to implants. Silver coated metals were then compared with their respective control metals in the new model. The direct inoculation model gave larger and more reproducible biofilm adhesion to implanted metals. Staphylococcus epidermidis shows lower adhesion ability to metals, and biofilms adhere in greater numbers to stainless steel over titanium. Silver coated metals show no statistical difference over control metals when exposed to orthopaedic biofilms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Adhesion
  • Biofilms
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Femur
  • Male
  • Prostheses and Implants / microbiology*
  • Rabbits
  • Silver*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / microbiology*
  • Staphylococcus aureus / physiology*
  • Staphylococcus epidermidis / physiology*


  • Silver