Feline intracranial neoplasia: retrospective review of 160 cases (1985-2001)

J Vet Intern Med. Nov-Dec 2003;17(6):850-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-1676.2003.tb02525.x.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of different tumor types within a large cohort of cats with intracranial neoplasia and to attempt to correlate signalment, tumor size and location, and survival time for each tumor. Medical records of 160 cats with confirmed intracranial neoplasia evaluated between 1985 and 2001 were reviewed. Parameters evaluated included age, sex, breed, FeLV/FIV status, clinical signs, duration of signs, number of tumors, tumor location(s), imaging results, treatment, survival times, and histopathologic diagnosis. Most of the cats were older (11.3 +/- 3.8 years). Primary tumors accounted for 70.6% of cases. Metastasis and direct extension of secondary tumors accounted for only 5.6 and 3.8% of cases, respectively. Twelve cats (7.5%) had 2 or more discrete tumors of the same type, whereas 16 cats (10.0%) had 2 different types of intracranial tumors. The most common tumor types were meningioma (n = 93, 58.1%), lymphoma (n = 23, 14.4%), pituitary tumors (n = 14, 8.8%), and gliomas (n = 12, 7.5%). The most common neurological signs were altered consciousness (n = 42, 26.2%), circling (n = 36, 22.5%), and seizures (n = 36, 22.5%). Cats without specific neurological signs were common (n = 34, 21.2%). The tumor was considered an incidental finding in 30 (18.8%) cats. In addition to expected relationships (eg, meninges and meningioma, pituitary and pituitary tumors), we found that lesion location was predictive of tumor type with diffuse cerebral or brainstem involvement predictive of lymphoma and third ventricle involvement predictive of meningioma.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / veterinary*
  • Cat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases / pathology*
  • Cats
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Glioma / epidemiology
  • Glioma / pathology
  • Glioma / veterinary
  • Lymphoma / epidemiology
  • Lymphoma / pathology
  • Lymphoma / veterinary
  • Male
  • Meningioma / epidemiology
  • Meningioma / pathology
  • Meningioma / veterinary
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Analysis