Soybean near isogenic lines (NILs), contrasting for maturity and photoperiod sensitivity loci, were genotyped with approximately 430 mapped simple sequence repeats (SSRs), also known as microsatellite markers. By analysis of allele distributions across the NILs, it was possible to confirm the map location of the Dt1 indeterminate growth locus, to refine the SSR mapping of the T tawny pubescence locus, to map E1 and E3 maturity loci with molecular markers, and to map the E4 and E7 maturity loci for the first time. Molecular markers flanking these loci are now available for marker-assisted breeding for these traits. Analysis of map locations identified a putative homologous relationship among four chromosomal regions; one in the middle of linkage group (LG) C2 carrying E1 and E7, one on LG I carrying E4, one at the top of LG C2, at which there is a reproductive period quantitative trait locus (QTL), and the fourth on LG B1. Other evidence suggests that homology also exists between the E1 + E7 region on LG C2 and a region on LG L linked to a pod maturity QTL. Homology relationships predict possible locations in the soybean genome of additional maturity loci, as well as which maturity loci may share a common evolutionary origin and similar mechanism(s) of action.