The major outer membrane protein of Acinetobacter baumannii is the heat-modifiable protein HMP-AB, a porin with a large pore size allowing the penetration of solutes having a molecular weight of up to approximately 800 Da. Cross-linking experiments with glutardialdehyde failed to show any cross-linking between the monomers, a fact that proves again that this porin protein functions as a monomeric porin. The specific activity of this porin was found to be similar to that of other monomeric porins. Tryptic digestion of the outer membrane yielded a 23-kDa fragment of the HMP-AB protein that was resistant to further trypsin treatment. This observation indicates that HMP-AB is assembled in the membrane in a manner similar to monomeric porins. Cloning of the HMP-AB gene revealed an open reading frame of 1038 bp encoding a protein of 346 amino acids and a calculated molecular mass of 35,636 Da. The amino acid sequence and composition were typical of gram-negative bacterial porins: a highly negative hydropathy index, absence of hydrophobic residue stretches, a slightly negative total charge, low instability index, high glycine content, and an absence of cysteine residues. Sequence comparison of HMP-AB with other outer membrane proteins revealed a clear homology with the monomeric outer membrane proteins, outer membrane protein A (OmpA) of Enterobacteria, and outer membrane protein F (OprF) of Pseudomonas sp. Secondary structure analysis indicated that HMP-AB has a 172-amino acid N-terminal domain that spans the outer membrane by eight amphiphilic beta strands and a C-terminal domain that apparently serves as an anchoring protein to the peptidoglycan layer. The results also indicate that HMP-AB belongs to the eight transmembrane beta-strand family of outer membrane proteins.