Despite having a relatively low incidence, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most lethal urologic cancers. For successful treatment including surgery, early detection is essential. Currently there is no screening method such as biomarker assays for early diagnosis of RCC. Surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF) is a recent technical advance that can be used to identify biomarkers for cancers. In this study, we investigated whether SELDI protein profiling and artificial intelligence analysis of serum could distinguish RCC from healthy persons and other urologic diseases (nonRCC). The SELDI-TOF data was acquired from a total of 36 serum samples with weak cation exchange-2 protein chip arrays and filtered using ProteinChip software. We used a decision tree algorithm c4.5 to classify the three groups of sera. Five proteins were identified with masses of 3900, 4107, 4153, 5352, and 5987 Da. These biomarkers can correctly separate RCC from healthy and nonRCC samples.