The recent advances in pityriasis versicolor, seborrheic dermatitis, tinea capitis and onychomycosis are reviewed. Some highlighted points include the new classification of Malassezia species, and the association of Malassezia species with seborrheic dermatitis. The use of terbinafine, fluconazole, and itraconazole for the treatment of tinea capitis is discussed. The management of onychomycosis, highlighting the high efficacy rates obtained with terbinafine when used to treat dermatophyte toenail onychomycosis, is discussed. The use of combination therapies in some circumstances to maximize cure rates is reviewed.