Two ATP-competitive inhibitors-4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-benzotriazole (TBBt) and 4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-benzimidazole (TBBz) have been shown to decrease activity of CK2 holoenzyme. Surprisingly it occurs that TBBz contrary to TBBt does not inhibit free catalytic subunit CK2 [Formula: see text]. Both inhibitors are virtually inactive against RAP protein kinase. The above-mentioned protein kinases phosphorylate in vitro a set of acidic ribosomal P-proteins of the 60S ribosomal subunit. Such a modification is one of the mechanisms regulating translational activity of ribosomes in vivo. Application of these two very selective inhibitors allows us to define the role of free catalytic [Formula: see text] subunit of CK2 in phosphorylation of ribosomal proteins. It occurs that CK2 [Formula: see text] but not CK2 holoenzyme is responsible for phosphorylation of P-proteins in vivo. Moreover, elimination of both forms of protein kinase CK2 (hCK2 and CK2 [Formula: see text] ) activity in living cells led to dramatic loss of the translational activity of the ribosome.