AAV-mediated gene transfer of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 inhibits vascular tumor growth and angiogenesis in vivo

Cancer Gene Ther. 2004 Jan;11(1):73-80. doi: 10.1038/sj.cgt.7700657.


The activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is a universal feature of cellular invasion, tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, which is counterbalanced and regulated by the natural tissue inhibitors of MMPs (Timps). Here we show that Timp1 gene transfer delivered by an adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector inhibits tumor growth in a murine xenotransplant model. A human Kaposi's sarcoma cell line, forming highly vascularized tumors in vivo and having a high natural permissivity to AAV gene transfer, was transduced to express the Timp1 cDNA. AAV-Timp1-transduced cells secreted high levels of Timp1 that inhibited MMP2 and MMP9 gelatinolytic activity. Following subcutaneous inoculation in nude mice, the AAV-Timp1-transduced cells showed significantly reduced tumor growth when compared to control AAV-LacZ-transduced cells. In addition, direct intratumoral injection of AAV-Timp1 into pre-existing tumors significantly impaired the further expansion of the tumor mass. Histological analyses showed that the AAV-Timp1-transduced tumors had limited development of vascular structures and extensive areas of cell death, suggesting that Timp1 overexpression had an antiangiogenic effect. To further support this conclusion, we demonstrated that AAV-Timp1 transduction significantly reduced endothelial cell migration and the invasion of a Matrigel barrier and strongly inhibited angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane assay. These results indicate that transfer and overexpression of the Timp1 gene is a promising therapeutic strategy to target tumor-associated angiogenesis in cancer gene therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basement Membrane / pathology
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement
  • Dependovirus / genetics*
  • Dependovirus / physiology
  • Endothelial Cells / pathology
  • Gene Transfer Techniques
  • Genetic Therapy*
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Transplantation
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / genetics*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / therapy*
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / blood supply*
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / genetics
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology*
  • Sarcoma, Kaposi / therapy
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / genetics*
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / metabolism
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 / therapeutic use*


  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1