A new fluorocarbon for keratoprosthesis

Cornea. 1992 Nov;11(6):538-45. doi: 10.1097/00003226-199211000-00010.


Previous studies have demonstrated the potential use of microporous, biocompatible materials to improve the long-term stability of keratoprosthesis. To determine the factors that will influence corneal tissue ingrowth into biocompatible, microporous materials, we have compared three types of fluorocarbon polymers--Impra, Gore-Tex, and Proplast--after intrastromal implantation in rabbit corneas. Despite similar physicochemical structures, a great difference was observed in histologic and ultrastructural cross sections after 4- and 8-month follow-ups. For Gore-Tex, we observed extrusion of the implant and infiltration of necrotic and inflammatory cells. All implants of Proplast also led to significant corneal damage resulting in extrusion of the material. Through the use of electron and light microscopy and image analysis, this study demonstrates the presence of cell differentiation and collagen synthesis in the pores of the Impra implant. Apart from biocompatibility, this experiment demonstrates the influence of pore size, porous microorganization, and biomechanical factors on prosthetic corneal material. Only Impra offers satisfactory interface, allowing fibroblastic cells and neocollagen synthesis into its pores, and it can become transparent.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Collagen / biosynthesis
  • Cornea / surgery*
  • Cornea / ultrastructure
  • Fibroblasts / ultrastructure
  • Fluorocarbon Polymers* / adverse effects
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Materials Testing*
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene / adverse effects
  • Proplast / adverse effects
  • Prostheses and Implants*
  • Rabbits


  • Fluorocarbon Polymers
  • Impra
  • Proplast
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene
  • Collagen