Probing the superconducting gap symmetry of PrOs4Sb12: a penetration depth study

Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Dec 12;91(24):247003. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.247003. Epub 2003 Dec 11.

Abstract

We report measurements of the magnetic penetration depth lambda in single crystals of PrOs4Sb12 down to 0.1 K, with the ac field applied along the a, b, and c directions. In all three field orientations, lambda approximately T2 and superfluid density rho(s) approximately T2 for T<0.3T(c). Data are best fit by the 3He A-phase-like gap with multidomains, each having two point nodes along a cube axis, and parameter Delta(0)(0)/k(B)T(c)=2.6, suggesting that PrOs4Sb12 is a strong-coupling superconductor with two point nodes on the Fermi surface. We also confirm the double transitions at 1.75 and 1.85 K seen in other measurements.