The International HapMap Project

Nature. 2003 Dec 18;426(6968):789-96. doi: 10.1038/nature02168.


The goal of the International HapMap Project is to determine the common patterns of DNA sequence variation in the human genome and to make this information freely available in the public domain. An international consortium is developing a map of these patterns across the genome by determining the genotypes of one million or more sequence variants, their frequencies and the degree of association between them, in DNA samples from populations with ancestry from parts of Africa, Asia and Europe. The HapMap will allow the discovery of sequence variants that affect common disease, will facilitate development of diagnostic tools, and will enhance our ability to choose targets for therapeutic intervention.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • DNA / genetics
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genetic Variation / genetics*
  • Genome, Human*
  • Genomics / methods*
  • Haplotypes / genetics*
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics
  • Public Sector
  • Racial Groups / genetics


  • DNA