The aim of this study was to investigate possible associations between the expression of c-erbB-2 and the angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), p53 status, routine breast cancer prognostic factors and survival. Expression of c-erbB-2, VEGF, bFGF, and p53 protein was determined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 656 patients with primary breast cancer (median follow-up time of 83 months). In 60 cases, we also used immunohistochemistry (IHC) for c-erbB-2 evaluation, to be used as a reference for the ELISA. Overexpression of c-erbB-2 was significantly related to a higher expression of VEGF, lower bFGF content, negative steroid receptor status, and a high S-phase fraction. In multivariate analysis, c-erbB-2 was an independent prognostic factor for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in all patients, and in node-positive patients, irrespective of the adjuvant systemic therapy. Combined survival analyses regarding c-erbB-2 and VEGF yielded additional prognostic information.