Regional low-flow perfusion provides comparable blood flow and oxygenation to both cerebral hemispheres during neonatal aortic arch reconstruction

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003 Dec;126(6):1712-7. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5223(03)01027-4.


Objective: The aim of this study was to measure cerebral oxygenation, cerebral blood volume index, and cerebral blood flow velocity values in both cerebral hemispheres before, during, and after regional low-flow cerebral perfusion for neonatal aortic arch reconstruction and to test the hypothesis that cerebral blood volume index measured by near infrared spectroscopy correlates with cerebral blood flow velocity measured by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography.

Methods: Bilateral near infrared spectroscopy and transcranial Doppler ultrasonography sensors were placed, and values were recorded immediately before, during, and after regional low-flow cerebral perfusion at 18 degrees C. Cerebral oxygen saturations, cerebral blood flow velocities, and cerebral blood volume index values were compared by Mann-Whitney U test. Correlations between values of cerebral blood volume index and cerebral blood flow velocity were tested with Spearman rank order correlation.

Results: Twenty patients were studied. Median cerebral oxygen saturations for the right and left sides were 95% and 95% before regional low-flow cerebral perfusion, 95% and 87% during regional low-flow cerebral perfusion (P =.054), and 93% and 94% after regional low-flow cerebral perfusion. Median cerebral blood flow velocity values did not change during regional low-flow cerebral perfusion. Cerebral blood volume index exhibited a poor correlation with cerebral blood flow velocity.

Conclusions: Regional low-flow cerebral perfusion provides comparable blood flows and oxygenation to both cerebral hemispheres. Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography is recommended as a corroborative method with near-infrared spectroscopy to guide flow during regional low-flow cerebral perfusion, because cerebral blood volume index does not correlate with cerebral blood flow velocity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aorta, Thoracic / surgery*
  • Aortic Coarctation / surgery
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Blood Volume
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass / methods*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation*
  • Humans
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / surgery
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative
  • Oxygen / blood*
  • Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared
  • Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial


  • Oxygen