Causes of death in patients with end-stage renal disease treated by dialysis in a center in Israel

Isr J Med Sci. 1992 Nov;28(11):776-9.

Abstract

The causes of death in 84 end-stage renal failure patients, treated with dialysis, who died during a 66-month period were reviewed retrospectively. Cardiac and infectious diseases were the main cause of death (27% each). These two constituted 44% of causes of death in hemodialysis and 75% in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. Malignant disease (7%) and hyperkalemia (5%) were responsible for death only in hemodialysis patients. Patients who died following hyperkalemia were younger than 50 years old. Patients who died from malignant disease were dialyzed for more than 3 years. In summary, the mode of dialysis therapy, age at start of therapy, time on dialysis, and previous cardiac disease may play a role in determining the causes of death in dialysis patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Bacterial Infections / complications
  • Bacterial Infections / mortality
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cause of Death
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Israel / epidemiology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Renal Dialysis / mortality
  • Time Factors