HCMV infection: modulating the cell cycle and cell death

Int Rev Immunol. Jan-Apr 2004;23(1-2):113-39. doi: 10.1080/08830180490265565.

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a member of the Herpesviridae family and is recognized as a significant pathogen to certain subgroups of the human population. It has become apparent that HCMV manipulation of the host cell cycle as well as the immune response promotes the replication and propagation of the virus. The ability of HCMV to modulate components of the host immune system and the response to infection most likely contributes to the pathology associated with this virus. This review will address the mechanisms HCMV has adapted to modulate the cell cycle to promote viral replication as well as the different ways it can prevent the "death" of an infected cell.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis / physiology*
  • Cell Cycle / physiology*
  • Cytomegalovirus / pathogenicity*
  • Cytomegalovirus / physiology
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / immunology
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / pathology*
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections / virology
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Viral Proteins / physiology
  • Virus Replication / physiology

Substances

  • Viral Proteins