Occupational fatalities of Hispanic construction workers from 1992 to 2000

Am J Ind Med. 2004 Jan;45(1):45-54. doi: 10.1002/ajim.10322.

Abstract

Background: Hispanic construction employment has dramatically increased, yet published data on occupational risk is lacking.

Methods: Data from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) and current population survey (CPS) were examined from 1992 to 2000. Fatality rate, relative risk (RR), and risk index were calculated using CFOI fatality data and CPS data on hours worked, adjusted to full-time-equivalents (FTE). Data between 1996 and 2000 were combined to allow reliable comparisons of age and occupational groups. RR and 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

Results: In 2000, Hispanics constituted less than 16% of the construction workforce yet suffered 23.5% of fatal injuries. RRs were: helpers, construction trades, 2.31 (95% CI: 1.41-3.80); roofers 1.77 (95% CI: 1.38-2.28); carpenters 1.39 (95% CI: 1.08-1.79); and construction laborers 1.31 (95% CI: 1.17-1.46).

Conclusions: Hispanic construction workers consistently faced higher RRs, for every year from 1992 to 2000 and for every age group. In 2000, Hispanic construction workers were nearly twice (1.84, 95% CI: 1.60-2.10) as likely to be killed by occupational injuries as their non-Hispanic counterparts.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / mortality*
  • Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Construction Materials / adverse effects*
  • Construction Materials / statistics & numerical data
  • Emigration and Immigration
  • Facility Design and Construction*
  • Health Surveys
  • Hispanic Americans / classification
  • Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Labor Unions
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Workforce