Relationships between certain individual characteristics and occupational injuries for various jobs in the construction industry: a case-control study

Am J Ind Med. 2004 Jan;45(1):84-92. doi: 10.1002/ajim.10319.


Background: There is little published about the role of individual characteristics in occupational injuries. Construction workers have a high rate of injury; we assessed 11 personal characteristics in this professional sector.

Methods: A case-control study was conducted on 880 male workers who had had at least one occupational injury during a 2-year period and 880 controls. A questionnaire was administered by an occupational physician. Statistical analysis was made via logistic regression method.

Results: Young age (<30 years), sleep disorders and current smoker influenced all the injuries combined. Sleep disorders and young age were common risk factors for several jobs. Physical disabilities and no sporting activity had a role in masons, and 5 years or less in present job in plumbers and electricians only. Sleep disorders influenced both the injuries with and without hospitalization; young age, current smoker, and physical disability influenced those without hospitalization only.

Conclusions: Young age, sleep disorders, smoking, disabilities, sporting activity, and experience influenced the occupational injuries. The risk for each worker depended on his job. Occupational physicians could inform the workers of these risks and encourage them to take remedial action.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational / classification
  • Accidents, Occupational / psychology
  • Accidents, Occupational / statistics & numerical data*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Construction Materials / adverse effects*
  • Construction Materials / statistics & numerical data
  • Facility Design and Construction*
  • France / epidemiology
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Health
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / complications
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workforce
  • Wounds and Injuries / classification
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / psychology