Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a serious complication of transfusion characterized by dyspnea, hypoxemia, hypotension, fever, and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates. Although the frequency is estimated at 1/1,120 to 1/5,000 transfusions, few cases have been reported after hematopoietic stem cell transplant. We report a case occurring in an allogeneic transplant recipient who developed acute respiratory distress and bilateral pulmonary infiltrates 2 hr after a platelet transfusion due to the presence of anti granulocyte antibody HNA-3a in the product. As there is a wide differential diagnosis for pulmonary infiltrates developing post transplant, TRALI may be under-recognized and should be considered in this setting.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.