Quantitative trait loci that determine lipoprotein cholesterol levels in an intercross of 129S1/SvImJ and CAST/Ei inbred mice

Physiol Genomics. 2004 Mar 12;17(1):60-8. doi: 10.1152/physiolgenomics.00142.2003.


To identify genetic determinants of lipoprotein levels, we are performing quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis on a series of mouse intercrosses in a "daisy chain" experimental design, to increase the power of detecting QTL and to identify common variants that should segregate in multiple intercrosses. In this study, we intercrossed strains CAST/Ei and 129S1/SvImJ, determined HDL, total, and non-HDL cholesterol levels, and performed QTL mapping using Pseudomarker software. For HDL cholesterol, we identified two significant QTL on chromosome (Chr) 1 (Hdlq5, 82 cM, 60-100 cM) and Chr 4 (Hdlq10, 20 cM, 10-30 cM). For total cholesterol, we identified three significant QTL on Chr 1 (Chol7, 74 cM, 65-80 cM), Chr 4 (Chol8, 12 cM, 0-30 cM), and Chr 17 (Chol9, 54 cM, 20-60 cM). For non-HDL cholesterol, we identified significant QTL on Chr 8 (Nhdlq1, 34 cM, 20-60 cM) and Chr X (Nhdlq2, 6 cM, 0-18 cM). Hdlq10 was the only QTL detected in two intercrosses involving strain CAST/Ei. Hdlq5, Hdlq10, Nhdlq1, and two suggestive QTL at D7Mit246 and D15Mit115 coincided with orthologous human lipoprotein QTL. Our analysis furthers the knowledge of the genetic control of lipoprotein levels and points to the importance of Hdlq10, which was detected repeatedly in multiple studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • Alleles
  • Animals
  • Cholesterol, HDL / blood*
  • Chromosome Mapping / methods*
  • Chromosomes / genetics
  • Crosses, Genetic*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics
  • Genetic Linkage / genetics
  • Lipoprotein Lipase / genetics
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred DBA
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Quantitative Trait Loci / genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • X Chromosome / genetics


  • ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1
  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Cholesterol, HDL
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Lipoprotein Lipase