Oxidation of phosphorus compounds by Fenton's reagent

Ann Chim. 2003 Nov;93(11):935-45.


In the present work a Fenton's treatment for the oxidation of a phosphorous compounds mixture, simulating a match manufacturing industry wastewater, were studied. Experimental tests were performed on three sample solutions at a phosphorus concentration of 250, 500 and 750 mg/l. In each solution an equal amount of sodium phosphite and sodium hypophosphite was dissolved. The investigation of pH, temperature and reagents ratio on the oxidation rate led to the individuation of the optimal process operating conditions. The results show that Fenton's reagent provides a powerful conversion to phosphate of the phosphorous solution. In particular at pH=3.5 and 20 degrees C a residual concentration of non oxidized phosphorus in compliance with the Italian regulation limits for industrial wastewater disposal. Tests performed on sample solution of 500 mg/l P and 750 mg/l P by adding hydrogen peroxide and bivalent iron in three sequential steps led to similar reaction efficiencies to tests carried out adding both Fenton's reagents in one step, but with a remarkably lower reagents consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Industrial Waste
  • Iron / chemistry*
  • Oxidants / chemistry*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Phosphorus / chemistry*
  • Temperature
  • Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Fenton's reagent
  • Industrial Waste
  • Oxidants
  • Phosphorus
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Iron