Stability of refraction, accommodation, and lens position after implantation of the 1CU accommodating posterior chamber intraocular lens

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2003 Dec;29(12):2324-9. doi: 10.1016/s0886-3350(03)00413-9.

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate stability of refraction, anterior chamber depth (ACD), and accommodation up to 12 months after implantation of the 1CU accommodating posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL).

Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Methods: In a prospective study, 15 eyes of 15 patients (mean age 62.2 years +/- 13.4 [SD] [range 44 to 86 years]) had phacoemulsification and PC IOL implantation. Distance refraction, accommodative range measured by the near point with an accommodometer, ACD measured with the IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec), and near visual acuity with best distance correction (Birkhäuser charts at 35 cm) were determined after 3, 6, and 12 months and analyzed for signs of systematic changes.

Results: After 3, 6, and 12 months, the mean distance refraction was -0.28 +/- 0.54 diopters (D), -0.29 +/- 0.52 D, and -0.21 +/- 0.54 D, respectively; the mean accommodative range, 1.93 +/- 0.47 D, 1.85 +/- 0.62 D, and 2.02 +/- 0.38 D, respectively; the mean ACD without pharmacological induction of ciliary muscle contraction, 4.40 +/- 0.44 mm, 4.35 +/- 0.50 mm, 4.25 +/- 0.53 mm, respectively; and the mean near visual acuity with best distance correction, 0.41 +/- 0.15, 0.37 +/- 0.12, and 0.39 +/- 0.11, respectively. There were no statistically significant changes in any measurement during the follow-up (P>.1).

Conclusions: Refraction, ACD, and accommodative range remained stable without indication of a systemic trend toward myopia, hyperopia, PC IOL dislocation, or regression of accommodative properties. The 1CU accommodating PC IOL provided stable refraction, accommodation, and PC IOL position for up to 1 year.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accommodation, Ocular / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anterior Chamber / anatomy & histology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular*
  • Lenses, Intraocular*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Prospective Studies
  • Pseudophakia / physiopathology
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology*
  • Visual Acuity