Assessment of Lead, Zinc, Copper, Nickel and Chromium in Total Suspended Particulate Matter From the Workplace in Al-Rusayl Industrial Estate, Oman

J Environ Monit. 2003 Dec;5(6):950-2. doi: 10.1039/b306029m.


Total suspended particulates (TSP) were collected with a high volume sampler from the indoor work environment of 23 industries in Al-Rusayl Industrial Estate in Muscat, Oman. The values measured ranged from 39 microg m(-3) to 1033 microg m(-3). TSP in the ambient air of the area was found to have an average value of 1802 microg m(-3). TSP were analyzed for Pb, Cu, Ni, Zn and Cr. Compared to other metals, Pb emission was high with values ranging from 3 to 15 109 ng m(-3) with the mean value being 1 293 ng m(-3); Cu concentration varied from 3 to 2600 ng m(-3) with a mean value of 131 ng m(-3); Ni concentration ranged from 6 to 46 ng m(-3) with a mean value of 17 ng m(-3); Cr concentration ranged from 1 to 133 ng m(-3) with a mean value of 23 ng m(-3) while that of Zn varied from 0.01 to 1 978 ng m(-3) with the mean value being 464 ng m(-3). The concentrations of Pb, Ni, Cu, Cr, and Zn in the ambient air were also measured and found to have the following values: 122, 18, 16, 5 and 0.01 ng m(-3), respectively. These values indicate that the industries in the area do not contribute significantly to heavy metal air pollution.

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollution, Indoor / analysis*
  • Environmental Monitoring
  • Metals, Heavy / analysis*
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Oman
  • Particle Size
  • Reference Values
  • Workplace*


  • Metals, Heavy