Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea

Surv Ophthalmol. Jan-Feb 2004;49(1):3-24. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2003.10.008.

Abstract

Tumors of the conjunctiva and cornea comprise a large and varied spectrum of conditions. These tumors are grouped into two major categories of congenital and acquired lesions. The acquired lesions are further subdivided based on origin of the mass into surface epithelial, melanocytic, vascular, fibrous, neural, histiocytic, myxoid, myogenic, lipomatous, lymphoid, leukemic, metastatic and secondary tumors. Melanocytic lesions include nevus, racial melanosis, primary acquired melanosis, melanoma, and other ocular surface conditions like ocular melanocytosis and secondary pigmentary deposition. The most frequent nonmelanocytic neoplastic lesions include squamous cell carcinoma and lymphoma, both of which have typical features appreciated on clinical examination. The caruncle displays a slightly different array of tumors compared to those elsewhere on the conjunctiva, as nevus and papilloma are most common, but oncocytoma and sebaceous gland hyperplasia, adenoma, and carcinoma can be found. In this report, we provide clinical description and illustration of the many conjunctival and corneal tumors and we discuss tumor management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Conjunctival Neoplasms / therapy
  • Corneal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Corneal Diseases / pathology*
  • Corneal Diseases / therapy
  • Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Eye Neoplasms / pathology
  • Eye Neoplasms / therapy
  • Humans