Expression, purification and characterization of recombinant sucrose synthase 1 from Solanum tuberosum L. for carbohydrate engineering

J Biotechnol. 2004 Jan 22;107(2):135-49. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2003.10.017.


The gene sus1 from Solanum tuberosum L. encoding for sucrose synthase 1 was cloned into the plasmid pDR195 under the control of the PMA1 promotor. After transformation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain 22574d sus1 was constitutively expressed giving a specific activity of 0.3Umg(-1) protein in the crude extract. A one-step purification by Q-Sepharose resulted in an 14-fold purified enzyme preparation in 74% yield. SuSy1 was subsequently purified by immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography and characterized for its utilization in synthesizing different nucleotide sugars and sucrose analogues. The kinetic constants for the cleavage and synthesis reaction were determined: K(m) (UDP) 4microM; K(iS) (UDP) 0.11mM; K(m) (sucrose) 91.6mM; K(m) (UDP-Glc) 0.5mM; K(iS) (UDP-Glc) 2.3mM; K(m) (D-fructose) 2.1mM; K(iS) (D-fructose) 35.9mM. Different nucleoside diphosphates as well as different donor substrate were accepted as follows: UDP>dTDP>ADP>CDP>GDP in the cleavage reaction and UDP-Glc>dTDP-Glc>ADP-Glc>CDP-Glc in the synthesis reaction. SuSy1 shows also a broad acceptance of D- and L-ketoses and D- and L-aldoses. The acceptance of aldoses was deduced from the binding of the inhibitor 5-deoxy-D-fructose (K(i) 0.3mM), an analogue of the natural substrate D-fructopyranoside. The broad substrate spectrum renders SuSy1 from potato a versatile biocatalyst for carbohydrate engineering.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, Affinity
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Enzyme Stability
  • Genetic Engineering*
  • Glucosyltransferases / chemistry
  • Glucosyltransferases / isolation & purification*
  • Glucosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Isoelectric Focusing
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Weight
  • Recombinant Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Proteins / isolation & purification*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Solanum tuberosum / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • sucrose synthase