Cytogenetic analysis of a series of 13 renal oncocytomas

J Urol. 2004 Feb;171(2 Pt 1):602-4. doi: 10.1097/01.ju.0000109172.07081.16.


Purpose: Only about 50 renal oncocytomas have been studied cytogenetically. They fall into 3 categories, namely 1-normal karyotype, 2-monosomy 1, often with Y chromosome loss, and 3-structural abnormalities of 11q13. Additional abnormalities may occur with transformation to chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, although exactly which one is unclear. We expanded the oncocytoma data base to shed light on changes that characterize transformation.

Materials and methods: A total of 14 oncocytomas from 12 patients were collected in 2(1/2) years. One tumor failed to grow but 13 were successfully karyotyped.

Results: Seven tumors (53.8%), including 2 from 1 kidney, had normal karyotypes or abnormalities characteristic of normal kidney tissue. A total of 6 tumors from 5 individuals (46.2%) had chromosome 1 abnormalities. Monosomy 1 was detected in 2 single tumors and in both tumors in a bilateral case. Structural anomalies resulting in loss of the short arm of chromosome 1 were found in an additional 2 patients. Other abnormalities, including Y chromosome loss and monosomy 14, were observed but no abnormalities of 11q13 were seen.

Conclusions: Our series confirms that 1p loss is the most common anomaly in oncocytoma. Additional studies are required to understand the transformation potential of this usually benign tumor, identify the putative 1p tumor suppressor gene and determine whether karyotypically normal tumors have molecular abnormalities of 1p.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma, Oxyphilic / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cytogenetic Analysis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged