Out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest in children with croup

Pediatr Emerg Care. 2004 Jan;20(1):35-6. doi: 10.1097/01.pec.0000106241.72265.64.


Viral laryngotracheobronchitis is a ubiquitous infectious process that has not caused significant mortality in the past 20 years. Bacterial tracheitis and pneumonia can complicate viral laryngotracheobronchitis and markedly increase the risk of bad outcome. Even uncomplicated, properly managed, viral laryngotracheobronchitis can occasionally result in death, particularly in the infant age group.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Croup / complications*
  • Emergencies
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Female
  • Heart Arrest / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain / etiology
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Outpatients*
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / complications
  • Staphylococcal Infections / complications