An organizing framework for collective identity: articulation and significance of multidimensionality

Psychol Bull. 2004 Jan;130(1):80-114. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.130.1.80.


The authors offer a framework for conceptualizing collective identity that aims to clarify and make distinctions among dimensions of identification that have not always been clearly articulated. Elements of collective identification included in this framework are self-categorization, evaluation, importance, attachment and sense of interdependence, social embeddedness, behavioral involvement, and content and meaning. For each element, the authors take note of different labels that have been used to identify what appear to be conceptually equivalent constructs, provide examples of studies that illustrate the concept, and suggest measurement approaches. Further, they discuss the potential links between elements and outcomes and how context moderates these relationships. The authors illustrate the utility of the multidimensional organizing framework by analyzing the different configuration of elements in 4 major theories of identification.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Humans
  • Individuality
  • Individuation
  • Internal-External Control
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Self-Assessment
  • Social Identification*
  • Socialization