The effects of higher cigarette prices on tar and nicotine consumption in a cohort of adult smokers

Health Econ. 2004 Jan;13(1):49-58. doi: 10.1002/hec.820.


The objective of this paper is to estimate the demand for tar and nicotine in cigarettes as a function of cigarette prices in a cohort of cigarette 11,966 smokers followed for 5 years. Data for the analysis come from a longitudinal telephone survey of 11,966 smokers who were interviewed in 1988 and 1993 as part of the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT). Separate models are estimated for three age groups to account for differences in levels of addiction and brand loyalty across age. We found that smokers respond to higher cigarette prices by reducing the number of cigarettes smoked per day but also by switching to cigarettes that are higher in tar and nicotine per cigarette.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Canada
  • Choice Behavior
  • Cohort Studies
  • Costs and Cost Analysis / trends*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Smoking / economics*
  • Smoking / trends*
  • Tobacco Use Disorder
  • United States