Plant development is controlled by both endogenous genetic programs and responses to exogenous signals. Microarray experiments are being used to identify the genes involved in these developmental processes. Most of the analyses conducted to date have been conducted on whole organs. Although these studies have provided valuable information, they are limited by the composite nature of plant organs that consist of multiple cell types. Technical advances that have made it possible to study global patterns of gene expression in individual cell types promise to increase greatly the information revealed by microarray experiments.